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How Does the Sewer System Work in My Home?

sewer system

Ever wondered what happens after you flush the toilet or wash dishes? Your home's sewer system plays a crucial role in handling wastewater. However, it's not something that homeowners often think about until an issue arises and repair is necessary.

In this handy guide, your expert team at Problem Solved Plumbing will break down the basics of how the sewer system works in your home.

Essentially, a regular sewer system is designed to be straightforward, relying on gravity to move wastewater through pipes from your home to either a municipal treatment facility or a septic tank.

While it may seem complex, the fundamental mechanics are simple, emphasizing efficiency and ease of operation. Let's get started.

Drainage System

Inside your home, a network of pipes collects wastewater from sinks, toilets, showers, and appliances. These pipes are designed to carry used water away from your living spaces and towards the sewer.

Again, it's important to highlight the role of gravity when it comes to your home's sewer system. The pipes in your home are sloped in a way that allows wastewater to flow naturally, relying on gravity to guide it downward.

This helps move the water effortlessly from your bathroom, kitchen, and laundry room to the main sewer line.

Main Sewer Line

All the wastewater from your home eventually meets in the main sewer line. This larger pipe runs beneath your property, connecting to the municipal sewer system or a septic tank. In urban areas, the municipal sewer system carries the wastewater to a treatment facility.

If your home is not connected to a municipal sewer system, it likely has a septic tank. This underground tank is responsible for separating solid waste from the liquid.

Bacteria break down the solid waste, while the liquid portion, known as effluent, continues its journey to the drain field.

Treatment at the Facility

For homes connected to the municipal sewer system, the wastewater travels to a treatment facility. Here, it undergoes a series of processes to remove impurities and harmful substances.

The treated water is then released into the environment or used for various purposes like irrigation.

Regular Maintenance

Proper maintenance is key to a smoothly functioning sewer system. Avoid flushing non-biodegradable items down the toilet, such as "flushable" wipes or sanitary products.

One common issue in house sewer systems is the occurrence of clogs or blockages. These can result from the buildup of grease, hair, or other debris in the pipes.

Clearing a sewer system often involves basic equipment like a plumber's snake or auger for breaking up blockages. In more complex cases, a high-pressure water jet can be used to flush out debris.

Additionally, sewer camera inspections are valuable for identifying issues within the pipes and providing a visual assessment to guide targeted repairs.

How Does the Sewer System Work in My Home?

Understanding the basics of your home's sewer system is essential for responsible homeownership. By grasping the simple mechanics behind the drainage process, you can take steps to ensure the system functions efficiently and avoid potential issues down the line.

Here in Cochrane, Calgary, and surrounding areas, your premier choice for 24/7 emergency plumbing is always our expert team.

Contact Problem Solved Heating and Plumbing and schedule an appointment today.


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